Advancing Offsets in Mexico

The Reserve is the largest, most respected registry in North America with five protocols applicable for use in Mexico. Carbon offset credits registered under these protocols are issued as Climate Reserve Tonnes (CRTs) and may be transacted for voluntary purposes in Mexico, the U.S., and globally.

The Reserve offers protocol-specific, customized training events upon request. Training topics include Protocol Overview, Social Safeguards, Verification Guidance, Inventory Development, Cost Benefit Analysis, Climate Change, and Carbon Market Basics. To learn more information and to request a training, visit our Mexico Protocols Training page. A list of entities that participated in previous events can be found here.

Climate Action Reserve protocols currently available for use in Mexico include:

Protocol and Link to Further Information Current Version Adoption Date
Boiler Efficiency November 1, 2016
Forest March 30, 2020
Landfill September 13, 2011
Livestock September 29, 2010
Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS)/Halocarbons April 28, 2015/Pending Update

Please contact the Reserve’s Mexico Team at [email protected] with questions or comments.

Reserve’s History in Mexico

The Climate Action Reserve has expanded its programs and focus to support offset protocols and the development of a voluntary carbon market in Mexico over a decade.

  • 2008: Reserve signed an MOU with Mexico’s six border states, CA and PG&E to develop quantification and verification protocols for GHG reduction projects in Mexico
  • 2009: Reserve adopted its first two protocols for Mexico, the Mexico Landfill Protocol, V1.0 and the Mexico Livestock Protocol, V1.0
  • 2010: Reserve adopted V2.0 of the Mexico Livestock Protocol
  • 2010: First Mexico landfill project was listed
  • 2010: First Mexico livestock project was listed
  • 2011: Reserve adopted V1.1 of the Mexico Landfill Protocol
  • 2013: Reserve adopted the Mexico Forest Protocol V1.0
  • 2015: Reserve adopted the Mexico Ozone Depleting Substances Protocol, V1.0
  • 2016: Reserve released V1.1-1.3 of the Mexico Forest Protocol
  • 2016: Reserve hosted trainings to verification bodies on the Mexico Forest Protocol and the Reserve General Project Verification requirements
  • 2016: Reserve adopted the Mexico Boiler Efficiency Protocol, V1.0
  • 2016: Reserve hosted webinars to potential project developers on the Mexico Forest, Boiler Efficiency and Ozone Depleting Substances protocols
  • 2017: Reserve released V1.4 of the Mexico Forest Protocol
  • 2017: First Mexico forest project was listed (pilot project in Oaxaca)
  • 2017: Mexico Forest Pilot Project in Oaxaca issued first credits
  • 2017-2018: Reserve Mexico Team trained more than 345 community members, forest technicians, project developers, academics, civil servants, verifiers, and technical experts from more than 8 communities across 5 Mexican states, and in Los Angeles.
  • 2018: First Mexico Landfill Project issued credits
  • 2018: First Mexico Forest project registered within city limits
  • 2019: USAID funding through Pronatura and WRI Mexico launched to support capacity building and the development of forest projects (see videos here and here)
  • 2020: Reserve released V2.0 of the Mexico Forest Protocol
  • 2020: First Mexico Forest Aggregate credits issued
  • 2020: Draft protocols for the forestry and agriculture sectors were presented to SEMARNAT for the pilot phase of Mexico’s ETS

The Reserve continues to support the development and use of offsets in Mexico, both in its voluntary market and any future compliance markets.

Mexico Climate Policy Highlights

  • General Law on Climate Change (LGCC)
    • Passed in 2012 by the Mexican Congress
    • Establishes a number of clean energy goals and public policy instruments, such as the mandatory GHG reporting system, or the National Emission Register (RENE)
  • Tax on Fossil Fuels
    • Passed by the Mexican Congress in 2013 as part of the fiscal reform package
    • The tax allows emitters to use carbon offset credits generated from Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects, known as Certified Emissions Reductions (CER), to help meet the fossil fuel tax liabilities, though the rules for applying CERs have not yet been developed
  • Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS)
    • SEMARNAT announced plans for an ETS simulation in 2016 in collaboration with the voluntary platform MexiCO2
    • Over 100 companies voluntarily participated in the online simulation in 2017-2018, which allowed for the trading of emissions allowances and offsets
    • SEMARNAT published the preliminary rules for the Pilot Phase of the national ETS set to run from January 2019-December 2021
    • The pilot program was launched in January 2020
    • The PMR, in partnership with the Reserve, WRI Mexico, MÉXICO2, the Carbon Trust, MGM Innova, Carbon Limits, and GHGMI provided technical advice and support for the development of draft offset protocols for the forestry, agricultural, and transportation sectors, as well as offset verification program guidance.
    • The final set of protocols and offset program rules are currently under review by SEMARNAT
  • Mexico’s Updated NDCs
    • The Government of Mexico ratified the commitments submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention’s Secretariat in 2015 under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), as well as its interest in working collaboratively with the international community in order to keep the increase in global temperature well below 2°C and to pursue additional efforts
    • Mexico’s unconditional contributions consist of, alternatively: Reduction of 22% of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) and 51% of black carbon emissions by 2030 as compared to the baseline business-as usual scenario (BAU)
    • Mexico’s conditional contributions consist of a reduction of up to 36% of GHG emissions and 70% of black carbon emissions by 2030 compared to the BAU scenario
  • Jalisco Carbon Tax
    • The Governor of Jalisco announced that a carbon tax will be implemented in 2021, including the use of offsets as a compliance instrument. This will be in addition to the already existing federal carbon tax.

Approved Verification Bodies for Mexico

Per the Reserve’s Verification Program Manual, verification bodies must be accredited to ISO 14065:2013 by an International Accreditation Forum, Inc. body to perform verifications under the Reserve offset program. The Reserve works with the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) to accredit verification bodies under its program. It is also working with the Mexican Accreditation Entity (Entidad Mexicana de Acreditación A.C. or EMA) to accredit verification bodies to support the Mexico Forest Protocol under a pilot program. Following is a list of verification bodies currently approved to verify Mexico offset projects submitted to the Reserve.

Protocol Approved Verification Bodies Address Contact
Mexico Boiler Efficiency None currently trained
Mexico Forest Asociación de Normalización y Certificación, A.C.
www.ance.org.mx
Av. Lázaro Cárdenas 869, Nueva Industrial Vallejo, Ciudad de México, C.P. 07700, México Lesly Andrea Ortega Santillán
+52 (55) 5747-4550 Ext. 4666
[email protected]
Ruby Canyon Environmental, Inc.
https://rubycanyonenv.com/
Av. Tamaulipas 150 interior 1301B, Colonia Condesa, Alcandía Cuauhtémoc, Ciudad de México. C.P. 06140. México Minerva López Pérez
+52 (55) 5011-2278
[email protected]
SCS Global Services
www.scsglobalservices.com
2000 Powell Street, Suite 2000
Emeryville, CA 94608
David Ross
+52 (1) 311-147-8971
[email protected]
The Earth Lab (pending EMA accreditation)
https://earthlab.mx/
Medellín 107 A, Interior 1
Colonia Roma Norte
Alcaldía Cuauhtémoc
Ciudad de México, CP 06700
Nubia Valles Molina
[email protected]
Mexico Landfill First Environment, Inc
www.firstenvironment.com/
91 Fulton Street
Boonton, NJ 07005
Michael Carim
(626) 529-3089
[email protected]
NSF International
www.nsf.org
Southern California Sales Office
9191 Towne Centre Drive Suite 510
San Diego, CA 92122
Daniel Freeman
(734) 214-6228
[email protected]
Ruby Canyon Environmental, Inc.
https://rubycanyonenv.com/
743 Horizon Court Suite 385
Grand Junction, CO 81506
Zach Eyler
(970) 241-9298 x15
[email protected]
SCS Global Services
www.scsglobalservices.com
2000 Powell Street, Suite 2000
Emeryville, CA 94608
Tiffany Mayville
(510) 452-6815
[email protected]
Mexico Livestock First Environment, Inc
www.firstenvironment.com/
91 Fulton Street
Boonton, NJ 07005
Michael Carim
(626) 529-3089
[email protected]
NSF International
www.nsf.org
Southern California Sales Office
9191 Towne Centre Drive Suite 510
San Diego, CA 92122
Daniel Freeman
(734) 214-6228
[email protected]
Ruby Canyon Environmental, Inc.
https://rubycanyonenv.com/
743 Horizon Court Suite 385
Grand Junction, CO 81506
Zach Eyler
(970) 241-9298 x15
[email protected]
SCS Global Services
www.scsglobalservices.com
2000 Powell Street, Suite 2000
Emeryville, CA 94608
Tiffany Mayville
(510) 452-6815
[email protected]
Mexico ODS None currently trained

Resources:

Contacts:

  • Reserve Administrator and Project Support
  • Mexico Forest Support: Amy Kessler
  • Mexico Halocarbons Support: Bety Zavariz
  • Mexico Livestock Support: Bety Zavariz